Quick Tips Once Sonar Is Installed

Now that you have Sonar GNu/Linux installed here are some quick tips to navigate your operating system.

First if you would like to look through the Orca settings you will need to press the Insert key  and the Spacebar or the Caps Lock key and the Spacebar. This depends on you running desktop keyboard layout or laptop keyboard layout.

Now that you have looked through the Orca preferences lets take a look at the desktop. If you are running Sonar and you want to get to the menu where the applications are you will press Alt+F1. Now that you are in the menu you can arrow up or down and you will see “Accessories”, “Internet”, “Office” and “Sound and Video” along with some other options. Now if you would like to see what is under “Internet” you will then press the Right arrow and then Down or Up to see the options under “Internet”. Likewise for the rest of the menu.

When you see “System Tools” you will be able to Right arrow over and you will see “Administration”. From here you can Right arrow over again to see what is under “Administration”. While you are on “Administration” you can Up and Down arrow and see other options within this part of the menu. Another section of the menu is called “Places”. This part of the menu allows you to get to your Music folder or Video folder. You can also get to your Home folder which has all of your other folders contained in it like Documents, Music, Videos and Downloads. You can get to places by Right arrowing when you are within the “Internet” part of the menu, or “Accessories”. But you can also get to your Home folder from the icon on your desktop labeled “Home”.

If you are running Sonar Gnome-shell and you want to access your applications you can do this a few ways with the Gnome-shell. The first way is to press the Super key or also known as the Windows key and the letter “A”. This will bring up a list of all of the applications you have installed on your system. Or if you press the Super key this will bring up the Gnome-Shell and then type in the name of the program you want to launch and it will bring the program up that you want to start. While you have the Gnome-Shell open you can do other things from here also such as searching for files or even folders. You can start to type a file name in or folder name  and the Shell will bring these up. If you don’t know the name of the program you can type in something like “music” and it will bring up the music player or anything to do with music that is installed. So you don’t need to know the name of the program you want to launch.

There is also a top panel in Sonar and the way to get to that panel is by pressing alt, Control+Tab. This will bring you to the panel and from here you can shutdown your system or connect to a wireless network. There are some other things you can do from here also.

Show all appls or frequently used apps

Installation of Sonar based of Debian Wheezy and Sid

Before you start the install you will want to start the Orca preferences and choose your keyboard layout.

Now press the Windows key and type in the word “live”. This will bring up the installer.

Then it says that the installer itself will use English and you choose “yes” or “no”. After you tab to yes then press the space bar.

Next you will choose extra locals to be installed. If you just want 1 language installed you can just press tab to next and press the space bar.

After this you will choose the default local for the installation. Arrow through the choices and then tab to next and press the Spacebar.

Now you will configure the keyboard configuration. If you are using a U.S. Keyboard you can press Tab to next and then press the Spacebar.

Next is setting up the keyboard layout. The default is U.S.  Again if you are using a U.S. Keyboard you can press Tab and then the Spacebar. During this point of  the installer you will have the option to set up the “kill x” by pressing Control, Alt and Backspace. You will see this option as you are tabbing through the menu. If you would like this option just press the Spacebar to check the box.

Next is creating your partition. Here it says if you already have your partition set up you can press Quit and you will quit Gparted. Or if you don’t have any partitions set up yet you can press Continue to open Gparted and start your partitioning.

You will arrow Down and it will show your HDD. Here you will press Enter to choose your HDD.

Now you will arrow Down and it will show 3 partitions if you already have been running a GNU/Linux operating system. The first partition should be the largest and this is the one you will want to format. Here you will right-click on this and arrow Down to format. Press the Right arrow over and select the file system you would like to format your partition in. I recommend either EXT3 or EXT4. Now press Enter to choose your file format. Then Tab or arrow until you see “Apply” and press the Spacebar. Then it will ask if you are sure that you want to format and press Apply again to continue. This will take a few moments to format your HDD.

After formatting you will want to Tab and then press Close. Now press Control+Q to quit Gparted.

Arrow Down until you see your HDD which will be labeled as “sda”.

Arrow Down again and Then you will choose “sda”  again.

Arrow Down and here you will choose your file system again either choose EXT3 or EXT4 and press the Spacebar.

You will arrow Down and it will ask if you want root on home partition this is the only choice so press the Spacebar.

Here the first text box is to enter your root passward.
The next text box is to reenter your root password.
Next is to choose the full username.
Now you will choose the name of the user to create.
Here enter the password for the user it must be different from the root password.
You will enter your username password again here.
The last text box is to choose the host name of the computer.

Now it will be asking where do you want to place the master boot record. It is set to MBR by default. Then you can press the Spacebar.

Now it says that your system clock is set to your local time. Answering no will set it to UTC. So choose “yes” or “no” and then press Enter.

Now you will arrow through the time zones and choose one and then press the Spacebar.

It will ask if you want to continue and you will press “yes” or “no” with the arrow key and then press the Spacebar on your choice.

Sonar working with Manjaro Linux

Sonar has been working on a lot of things lately. But right now Sonar will be basing itself off of Manjaro linux. Manjaro is using Arch Linux as it’s base. This is great for Sonar because this means that Sonar will always have the latest in assistive technology because Arch linux ships the newest packages. We have been working with the Maintainer of Manjaro Phil and he has been awesome! He is a great example of why Free software is the best choice for assistive technology. He has been working around the clock to make sure that the installer for Manjaro is accessible for the Orca screen reader. He also has been working with us on his build system for Sonar. There will be more to say very soon but we wil leave that for another post. Also for thoughs of you that are worried about the Ubuntu versions, don’t worry we will still release versions based off of the long term support releases of Ubuntu.